The Quebec-sovereignist juggernaut begun with the construction of the Parti Québécois in 1968 and climaxed within the provincial referendum on sovereignty, hung on October 30, 1995. On that notable night, Canadians from all walks of existence, in each area of the rustic, sat glued to their tv monitors as polling effects trickled in from throughout Quebec. in contrast to the 1st referendum, in 1980, whilst the victory of the federalist No vote led by means of Pierre Trudeau used to be a foregone end, the race in October 1995 used to be a lifeless warmth. All night, the returns pitched and rolled, and concerned Canadians pitched and rolled in addition to them. in any case, the No vote gained through the narrowest of margins, 50.56% to 49.44%. This used to be no euphoric victory, no effortless vindication of Sir John A.'s federalist dream. by no means earlier than had the rustic come head to head with its personal forthcoming extinction.
In The evening Canada Stood Still, Robert Wright revisits the drama and intrigue that introduced Quebecers and Canadians alike to that fateful watershed event.
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Extra resources for The Night Canada Stood Still
27 On October 6, at a Montreal assembly of the PQ’s 16 neighborhood presidents and a hundred twenty five driving reps, Parizeau used to be beseeched time and again to ask the Bloc chief to play a extra popular function. 28 From the vantage aspect of normal Quebecers, those manoeuvres could have gave the impression of a mutiny. yet, actually, performing on Parizeau’s personal directions, Jean-François Lisée and Jean Royer had for weeks been undertaking concentration teams and surveys to figure out how most sensible to deliver Bouchard into the Quebec flooring crusade. Polls confirmed that the Bloc chief was once not just extra renowned than the optimal yet extra hugely depended on. additionally they affirmed that not sure Quebec citizens have been likely to vote definite if sovereignty used to be bundled with the type of partnership contract Bouchard were advocating. Making the Bloc chief the general public face of the camp du changement made sturdy experience, specially now that the talk in the home of Commons seemed to have run its path. ideal Parizeau didn't have to be offered at the proposal. He knew which manner the wind was once blowing. yet he additionally knew that the optics of selling Bouchard in the house stretch of the referendum race must be controlled rigorously. “Adopting a brand new technique in the course of a political crusade is a hugely dicy and gentle operation that's hardly successful,” federalist strategist Eddie Goldenberg later saw. “When it occurs, it really is obvious as an indication of desperation and panic. ”29 Parizeau knew that Goldenberg’s boss, Jean Chrétien, may assail any surprising swap in Yes-side technique as another sovereignist trick. What used to be had to advertise Bouchard right into a new management function, as a result, used to be now not basically a believable intent yet person who would supply political conceal for the finest himself. there has been by no means a lot doubt approximately the place the main compatible pretext lay. The guideline sovereign Quebec will be “bound” to barter a brand new partnership with Canada after a certain vote have been written explicitly into either invoice 1 and the tripartite contract. And regardless of his public admission that he used to be “not the main credible” proponent of this pledge, Jacques Parizeau had labored tough to reassure Quebecers that he might negotiate with Canada within the better of religion after a referendum victory. Convincing the undecideds to vote sure intended bolstering their self assurance within the partnership inspiration, and promoting that concept was once Lucien Bouchard’s strong point. All that used to be had to placed the Bloc chief firmly within the driver’s seat used to be a mandate to barter with Canada while the time got here. The foremost acted speedy. On October 6, he introduced the appointment of a committee to observe destiny negotiations among Quebec and Canada (the “surveillance committee”). 30 the main individual of the 5 VIPs hand-picked by means of the foremost to serve at the committee was once seventy-eight-year-old Arthur Tremblay, Quebec’s first deputy minister of schooling and a former revolutionary Conservative senator and constitutional consultant to Brian Mulroney. A life-long federalist, Tremblay had rocked Quebec in overdue September with the declaration that he could vote certain within the referendum.