Nationalism and Classicism: The Classical Body As National Symbol in Nineteenth-Century England and France

By Athena S. Leoussi

This can be a comparative research of the nationwide value of the classical revival which marked English and French paintings through the moment 1/2 the nineteenth century. It argues that the main target of artists' curiosity in classical Greece, was once the physique of the Greek athlete. It explains this curiosity, first, via artists' touch with the artwork of Pheidias and Polycletus which portrayed it; and moment, by means of the declare, made via actual anthropologists, that the classical physique typified the race of the ecu international locations.

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Zero zero. 6 zero. three 653 Salon 1 2 three four five 6 7 Mythology old heritage style panorama faith: Gr-X smooth background Mediaeval background overall works % 70. 50 eight. ninety eight. 50 four. ninety three. 50 1. 50 zero. ninety 2000 * Gr-X = Greek Orthodox Christianity. desk four. 18 Comparative desk of the rank of every of the several Greek matters present in the RA and the Salon with its total rating for the interval 1833-80 RA 1 2 three four five 6 7 Salon Mythology style historical historical past panorama sleek background faith: Gr-X Mediaeval historical past overall Works* 416 89 fifty eight fifty five thirteen four 2 1 2 three four five 6 7 Mythology old background style panorama faith: Gr-X glossy historical past Mediaeval historical past 653 overall works 1411 177 one hundred seventy ninety eight 70 31 18 2000 * comprises 'other', i. e. unclassifiable matters. lifestyle elements of Greece, with style occupying thirteen. 6 according to cent of all Greek matters, than do the French. In France, pursuits are divided in regards to the moment so much favoured element of Greek existence for inventive illustration. this can be glaring from the figures when it comes to the traditional heritage of Greece and to style, specifically eight. nine in keeping with cent and eight. five in step with cent respectively. even supposing in either international locations historic background occupies eight. nine in line with cent of the 82 Nationalism eind Classicism overall Greek works, the relative significance which this class is given through every one kingdom vis-a-vis the opposite different types of matters is kind of varied. you will need to maintain such differences as similarity in share yet distinction in rank, and vice versa, for his or her informative worth. it's major for instance to notice, within the class of panorama, which in either international locations occupies an analogous, fourth place, that the dimensions of this class is varied within the international locations: within the RA this class is sort of double in dimension compared with the Salon with eight. four in step with cent and four. nine in keeping with cent respectively. This distinction exhibits a better social curiosity during this specific point of Greece in Britain than is the case in France. The styles of faith additionally divide the 2 international locations. The British exhibit very low curiosity - zero. 6 according to cent of Greek works - both in Orthodox Christianity or within the victory of Christianity over Paganism, a topic of better curiosity to the French with works in this subject matter occupying three. five according to cent of all Greek works. eventually, smooth background ranks better in Britain than in France, occupying the 5th and 6th positions respectively. in spite of the fact that, the scale of this Graph four. three trend of works on Greek matters within the RA as possibilities of all works on international topics, 1833-80 percent of Greek works in keeping with yr regular percent of Greek works according to decade Hellenism and Ethnographic paintings eighty three Graph four. four development of works on Greek topics within the Salon as chances of all works on overseas matters, 1833-80 28 26 24 percent of Greek works consistent with 12 months typical percent of Greek works in keeping with decade 22 20 18 + sixteen 14 12 10 eight 6 four+ type of works is the same in either international locations, occupying 2 in step with cent and 1. fifty five in step with cent respectively, of the entire works on Greek topics.

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